Influencia de la administración de psicofármacos en el aumento del peso corporal

Blanca E. Martínez de Morentin-Aldabe, María Hernández-Ruiz De Eguilaz, Salomé Pérez-Diez, José Alfredo Martínez-Hernández

Resumen


La obesidad se ha convertido en un importante problema de salud pública, no sólo por su creciente prevalencia sino por las patologías asociadas. En efecto, hay un gran número de enfermedades cuyo riesgo de padecerlas se ve aumentado en aquellos sujetos que presentan exceso de peso: Diabetes Mellitus tipo 2, dislipemias, tumores (endometrio, colon, mama, etc), trastornos del aparato locomotor, alteraciones digestivas, enfermedades cardiovasculares, alteraciones respiratorias, problemas psicológicos, alteraciones obstétricas y ginecológicas.

En España, el consumo de psicofármacos es importante y en los últimos años se ha incrementado. Muchos de los medicamentos utilizados en el tratamiento de la ansiedad, la depresión, el trastorno bipolar, la esquizofrenia, la epilepsia, pueden producir un aumento o disminución de peso. Estos efectos secundarios podrían agravar una situación previa de obesidad e incluso provocar una ganancia ponderal en pacientes que al comenzar el tratamiento presentan peso normal, con el riesgo y complicaciones asociadas. Esta acumulación de grasa inducida puede contribuir también a la falta de adherencia a la medicación y, por tanto, a posibles recaídas de estos enfermos.

En esta revisión se trata de precisar la relación entre psicofármacos y obesidad, así como los mecanismos potencialmente implicados.


Palabras clave


Ansioliticos; anticonvulsionantes; antidepresivos; antipsicóticos; estabilizadores del estado del ánimo; morbilidad; obesidad; psicofármacos

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Referencias


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DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.14306/renhyd.17.1.4

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ISSN (online): 2174-5145 / ISSN (print): 2173-1292

Abreviatura: Rev Esp Nutr Hum Diet

DOI revista: 10.14306/renhyd

 

 

Facebook: https://www.facebook.com/renhyd

 

Twitter: https://twitter.com/renhyd_org (@renhyd_org)

 

 

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Cooperación entre revistas iberoamericanas de nutrición humana:

Perspectivas en Nutrición Humana

 

 

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