Probióticos en el tratamiento de alergias: una revisión

Louise Crovesy, DC Gongalves, Elke L Trigo

Resumen


La alergia es una respuesta exacerbada del sistema inmunitario a un elemento desencadenante. Una probable causa de las alergias es la composición del microbioma intestinal. Tiene una fuerte relación con el desarrollo del sistema inmunitario humano y se forma en la vida intrauterina y en la primera infancia, períodos cruciales para la formación de la microbiota adecuada. En este sentido, la modulación de la microbiota intestinal por los probióticos podría prevenir o ayudar en el tratamiento de enfermedades alérgicas como la rinitis alérgica, el asma, la dermatitis atópica y la alergia alimentaria. Los estudios publicados hasta la fecha son controvertidos. Es difícil determinar si los probióticos pueden usarse en el tratamiento y prevención de enfermedades alérgicas.


Palabras clave


Probióticos; Asma; Rinitis Alérgica; Dermatitis Atópica; Hipersensibilidad a los Alimentos; Microbioma Gastrointestinal

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Referencias


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DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.14306/renhyd.21.3.361

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Copyright (c) 2017 Louise Crovesy

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