Necesidades dietético-nutricionales en el tenis: Una revisión narrativa

Raúl Domínguez, Antonio Jesús Sánchez Oliver, Sandro Fernandes da Silva, Alvaro López-Samanes, José Miguel Martínez-Sanz, Fernando Mata

Resumen


Introducción: El tenis se caracteriza por una gran cantidad de competiciones y escaso tiempo de recuperación entre ellas. Por ello, los jugadores y cuerpos técnicos han empezado a interesarse por el papel que puede tener la nutrición para maximizar el rendimiento deportivo. En la literatura científica no encontramos revisiones narrativas y/o sistemáticas actualizadas sobre nutrición en el tenis. El objetivo de este estudio es mapear, describir y discutir el estado de la ciencia de la nutrición y las prácticas dietéticas para tenistas desde un punto de vista teórico y contextual, para permitir futuras revisiones sistemáticas.
Material y métodos: revisión narrativa a través las bases de datos Dialnet, Elsevier, Medline, Pubmed y Web of Science, mediante una estrategia de búsqueda basada en palabras clave separados por conectores booleanos. Se aplicaron una serie de criterios de inclusión/exclusión para seleccionar aquellas investigaciones que respondían al objetivo del trabajo.
Resultados: Las recomendaciones nutricionales sobre la ingesta de carbohidratos varían en función de la carga del entrenamiento, siendo 5-7 g/kg/día para entrenamiento normal y 7-10 g/kg/día para periodos competitivos o de mayor carga. La ingesta recomendada de proteínas se encuentra en 1,8 g/kg/día y 1g/kg/día de lípidos. Respecto a los suplementos que pueden optimizar el rendimiento en tenis encontramos la cafeína, bicarbonato de sodio, creatina y β-alanina, siendo el zumo de remolacha una posible ayuda a contemplar en la planificación dietético-nutricional en tenistas.
Conclusiones: Es posible optimizar el rendimiento y la salud del tenista mediante una periodización adecuada de nutrientes y suplementos, que cumplan las exigencias fisiológicas del tenis.

Palabras clave


Tenis; Sustancias para Mejorar el Rendimiento; Nutrición, Alimentación y Dieta; Suplementos Dietéticos; Deportes

Texto completo:

PDF (English)

Referencias


(1) Tavío P, Domínguez Herrera R. Necesidades dietético-nutricionales en la práctica profesional del tenis: Una revisión. Nutr Clin Diet Hosp. 2014;34(2):18–28.

(2) Fernandez J, Mendez-Villanueva A, Pluim BM. Intensity of tennis match play. Br J Sports Med. 2006;40(5):387–91.

(3) Kovacs MS. Tennis Physiology. Sport Med. 2007;37(3):189–98.

(4) Kondric M, Sekulic D, Uljevic O, Gabrilo G, Zvan M. Sport nutrition and doping in tennis: an analysis of athletes’ attitudes and knowledge. J Sports Sci Med. 2013;12(2):290–7.

(5) Ranchordas MK, Rogersion D, Ruddock A, Killer SC, Winter EM. Nutrition for tennis: practical recommendations. J Sports Sci Med. 2013;12(2):211–24.

(6) Chamari K, Padulo J. ‘Aerobic’ and ‘Anaerobic’ terms used in exercise physiology: a critical terminology reflection. Sport Med - Open. 2015;1(1):9.

(7) Girard O, Millet GP. Physical Determinants of Tennis Performance in Competitive Teenage Players. J Strength Cond Res. 2009;23(6):1867–72.

(8) Ulbricht A, Fernandez-Fernandez J, Mendez-Villanueva A, Ferrauti A. Impact of Fitness Characteristics on Tennis Performance in Elite Junior Tennis Players. J Strength Cond Res. 2016;30(4):989–98.

(9) Girard O, Lattier G, Maffiuletti NA, Micallef JP, Millet GP. Neuromuscular fatigue during a prolonged intermittent exercise: Application to tennis. J Electromyogr Kinesiol. 2008;18(6):1038–46.

(10) Sanchez-Oliver AJ, Mata F, Grimaldi-Puyana M, Domínguez R. Necesidades nutricionales e hídricas en el tenis. ITF Coach Sport Sci Rev. 2017;25(13):13–5.

(11) Domínguez R, Mata F, Sanchez-Oliver A. Nutrición Deportiva Aplicada: Guía para Optimizar el Rendimiento. 1a. Editores I, editor. 2017. 405 p.

(12) Ferrauti A, Pluim BM, Busch T, Weber K. Blood glucose responses and incidence of hypoglycaemia in elite tennis under practice and tournament conditions. J Sci Med Sport. 2003;6(1):28–39.

(13) Hornery DJ, Farrow D, Mujika I, Young WB. Caffeine, Carbohydrate, and Cooling Use during Prolonged Simulated Tennis. Int J Sports Physiol Perform. 2007;2(4):423–38.

(14) Kovacs MS. A Review of Fluid and Hydratio in Competitive Tennis. Int J Sports Physiol Perform. 2008;3(4):413–23.

(15) Gomes R, Capitani C, Ugrinowitsch C, Zourdos M, Fernandez-Fernandez J, Mendez-Villanueva A, et al. Does carbohydrate supplementation enhance tennis match play performance? J Int Soc Sports Nutr. 2013;10(1):46.

(16) Yamamoto T, Azechi H, Board M. Essential Role of Excessive Tryptophan and its Neurometabolites in Fatigue. Can J Neurol Sci. 2012;39(01):40–7.

(17) Bergeron MF. Heat cramps: Fluid and electrolyte challenges during tennis in the heat. J Sci Med Sport. 2003;6(1):19-27.

(18) American College of Sports Medicine, Sawka MN, Burke LM, Eichner ER, Maughan RJ, Montain SJ, et al. American College of Sports Medicine position stand. Exercise and fluid replacement. Med Sci Sports Exerc. 2007;39(2):377–90.

(19) Urdampilleta Otegui A, Martínez Sanz J, Julia Sánchez S, Álvarez Herms J. Protocolo de hidratación antes, durante después de la actividad físico-deportiva. Eur J Hum Mov. 2013;(31):57–76.

(20) Magee PJ, Gallagher AM, McCormack JM. High prevalence of dehydration and inadequate nutritional knowledge among university and club level athletes. Int J Sport Nutr Exerc Metab. 2017;27(2):158–68.

(21) Morante SM, Brotherhood JR. Thermoregulatory responses during competitive singles tennis. Br J Sports Med. 2008;42(9):736–41.

(22) Hew-Butler T, Rosner MH, Fowkes-Godek S, Dugas JP, Hoffman MD, Lewis DP, et al. Statement of the Third International Exercise-Associated Hyponatremia Consensus Development Conference, Carlsbad, California, 2015. In: Clinical Journal of Sport Medicine. Lippincott Williams and Wilkins; 2015. p. 303–20.

(23) Thomas DT, Erdman KA, Burke LM. Position of the Academy of Nutrition and Dietetics, Dietitians of Canada, and the American College of Sports Medicine: Nutrition and Athletic Performance. J Acad Nutr Diet. 2016;116(3):501-28.

(24) Maughan RJ, Burke LM, Dvorak J, Larson-Meyer DE, Peeling P, Phillips SM, et al. IOC consensus statement: Dietary supplements and the high-performance athlete. Br J Sports Med. 2018;52(7):439–55.

(25) Kerksick CM, Wilborn CD, Roberts MD, Smith-Ryan A, Kleiner SM, Jäger R, et al. ISSN exercise & sports nutrition review update: Research & recommendations. J Int Soc Sports Nutr. 2018;15(1):1–57.

(26) Maughan RJ. Nutritional status, metabolic responses to exercise and implications for performance. Biochem Soc Trans. 2003;31(Pt 6):1267–9.

(27) Łagowska K, Kapczuk K, Friebe Z, Bajerska J. Effects of dietary intervention in young female athletes with menstrual disorders. J Int Soc Sports Nutr. 2014;11(1):21.

(28) Hargreaves M, Hawley JA, Jeukendrup A. Pre-exercise carbohydrate and fat ingestion: effects on metabolism and performance. J Sports Sci. 2004;22(1):31–8.

(29) Kovacs MS. Carbohydrate intake and tennis: are there benefits? Br J Sports Med. 2006;40(5):e13.

(30) Jeukendrup AE, Killer SC. The myths surrounding pre-exercise carbohydrate feeding. Ann Nutr Metab. 2010;57(Suppl. 2):18–25.

(31) Peltier SL, Leprêtre P-M, Metz L, Ennequin G, Aubineau N, Lescuyer J-F, et al. Effects of Pre-exercise, Endurance, and Recovery Designer Sports Drinks on Performance During Tennis Tournament Simulation. J Strength Cond Res. 2013;27(11):3076–83.

(32) Clarke ND, Drust B, Maclaren DPM, Reilly T. Fluid provision and metabolic responses to soccer-specific exercise. Eur J Appl Physiol. 2008;104(6):1069–77.

(33) Jeukendrup AE. Carbohydrate intake during exercise and performance. Nutrition. 2004;20(7–8):669–77.

(34) Tarnopolsky M. Protein requirements for endurance athletes. Nutrition . 2004;20(7–8):662–8.

(35) Devries MC, Phillips SM. Supplemental protein in support of muscle mass and health: Advantage whey. J Food Sci. 2015;80(S1):A8–15.

(36) Moore DR, Churchward-Venne TA, Witard O, Breen L, Burd NA, Tipton KD, et al. Protein Ingestion to Stimulate Myofibrillar Protein Synthesis Requires Greater Relative Protein Intakes in Healthy Older Versus Younger Men. Journals Gerontol Ser A Biol Sci Med Sci. 2015;70(1):57–62.

(37) López-Samanes A, Ortega Fonseca JF, Fernández Elías VE, Borreani S, Maté-Muñoz JL, Kovacs MS. Nutritional Ergogenic Aids in Tennis. Strength Cond J. 2015;37(3):1–11.

(38) López-Samanes Á, Moreno-Pérez D, Maté-Muñoz JL, Domínguez R, Pallarés JG, Mora-Rodriguez R, et al. Circadian rhythm effect on physical tennis performance in trained male players. J Sports Sci. 2017;35(21):2121–8.

(39) Seferoglu F. The effect of n - 3 LC - PUFA supplementation on tennis skill acquisition. Biol Sport. 2012;29(3).

(40) Sánchez-Oliver AJ, Mata-Ordoñez F, Domínguez R, López-Samanes A. Use of nutritional supplements in amateur tennis players. J Phys Educ Sport. 2018;18(2):775–80.

(41) Rodriguez NR, DiMarco NM, Langley S, American Dietetic Association, Dietitians of Canada, American College of Sports Medicine: Nutrition and Athletic Performance. Position of the American Dietetic Association, Dietitians of Canada, and the American College of Sports Medicine: Nutrition and athletic performance. J Am Diet Assoc. 2009;109(3):509–27.

(42) Goldstein ER, Ziegenfuss T, Kalman D, Kreider R, Campbell B, Wilborn C, et al. International society of sports nutrition position stand: Caffeine and performance. J Int Soc Sports Nutr. 2010;7(1):5

(43) Phillips SM, Van Loon LJC. Dietary protein for athletes: From requirements to optimum adaptation. J Sports Sci. 2011;29(sup1):S29–38.

(44) Douroudos II, Fatouros IG, Gourgoulis V, Jamurtas AZ, Tsitsios T, Hatzinikolaou A, et al. Dose-related effects of prolonged NaHCO3 ingestion during high-intensity exercise. Med Sci Sports Exerc. 2006;38(10):1746–53.

(45) Cooper R, Naclerio F, Allgrove J, Jimenez A. Creatine supplementation with specific view to exercise/sports performance: an update. J Int Soc Sports Nutr. 2012;9(1):33.

(46) Bazzucchi I, Felici F, Montini M, Figura F, Sacchetti M. Caffeine improves neuromuscular function during maximal dynamic exercise. Muscle and Nerve. 2011;43(6):839–44.

(47) Juan DC, Estevez E, Mora-Rodriguez R. Caffeine during exercise in the heat: Thermoregulation and fluid-electrolyte balance. Med Sci Sports Exerc. 2009;41(1):164–73.

(48) Abian P, Del Coso J, Salinero JJ, Gallo-Salazar C, Areces F, Ruiz-Vicente D, et al. The ingestion of a caffeinated energy drink improves jump performance and activity patterns in elite badminton players. J Sports Sci. 2015;33(10):1042–50.

(49) Clarke ND, Duncan MJ. Effect of carbohydrate and caffeine ingestion on badminton performance. Int J Sports Physiol Perform. 2016;11(1):108–15.

(50) Burke LM. Caffeine and sports performance. In: Applied Physiology, Nutrition and Metabolism. Appl Physiol Nutr Metab. 2008. p. 1319–24.

(51) Maughan RJ, Griffin J. Caffeine ingestion and fluid balance: A review. J Hum Nutr Diet. 2003;16(6):411-20.

(52) Manjarrez-Montes De Oca R, Farfán-González F, Camarillo-Romero S, Tlatempa-Sotelo P, Francisco-Argüelles C, Kormanowski A, et al. Effects of creatine supplementation in taekwondo practitioners. Nutr Hosp. 2013;282828(2).

(53) Domínguez R, Hernández Lougedo J, Maté-Muñoz JL, Garnacho-Castaño MV. Efectos de la suplementación con ß-alanina sobre el rendimiento deportivo. Nutr Hosp. 2015;31(1):155–69.

(54) Pluim BM, Ferrauti A, Broekhof F, Deutekom M, Gotzmann A, Kuipers H, et al. The effects of creatine supplementation on selected factors of tennis specific training. Br J Sports Med. 2006;40(6):507–11.

(55) McNaughton LR, Siegler J, Midgley A. Ergogenic Effects of Sodium Bicarbonate. Curr Sports Med Rep. 2008;7(4):230–6.

(56) Price MJ, Simons C. The Effect of Sodium Bicarbonate Ingestion on High-Intensity Intermittent Running and Subsequent Performance. J Strength Cond Res. 2010;24(7):1834–42.

(57) Wu C-L, Shih M-C, Yang C-C, Huang M-H, Chang C-K. Sodium bicarbonate supplementation prevents skilled tennis performance decline after a simulated match. J Int Soc Sports Nutr. 2010;7(1):33.

(58) Carr BM, Webster MJ, Boyd JC, Hudson GM, Scheett TP. Sodium bicarbonate supplementation improves hypertrophy-type resistance exercise performance. Eur J Appl Physiol. 2013;113(3):743–52.

(59) Grgic J, Garofolini A, Pickering C, Duncan MJ, Tinsley GM, Del Coso J. Isolated effects of caffeine and sodium bicarbonate ingestion on performance in the Yo-Yo test: A systematic review and meta-analysis. J Sci Med Sport. 2020;23(1):41-47.

(60) Grgic J, Rodriguez RF, Garofolini A, Saunders B, Bishop DJ, Schoenfeld BJ, et al. Effects of Sodium Bicarbonate Supplementation on Muscular Strength and Endurance: A Systematic Review and Meta-analysis. Sports Med. 2020;50(7):1361-1375.

(61) Urwin CS, Dwyer DB, Carr AJ. Induced Alkalosis and Gastrointestinal Symptoms After Sodium Citrate Ingestion: a Dose-Response Investigation. Int J Sport Nutr Exerc Metab. 2016;26(6):542–8.

(62) de Salles Painelli V, Roschel H, de Jesus F, Sale C, Harris RC, Solis MY, et al. The ergogenic effect of beta-alanine combined with sodium bicarbonate on high-intensity swimming performance. Appl Physiol Nutr Metab. 2013;38(5):525–32.

(63) Tobias G, Benatti FB, De Salles Painelli V, Roschel H, Gualano B, Sale C, et al. Additive effects of beta-alanine and sodium bicarbonate on upper-body intermittent performance. Amino Acids. 2013;45(2):309–17.

(64) Sale C, Saunders B, Harris RC. Effect of beta-alanine supplementation on muscle carnosine concentrations and exercise performance. Amino Acids. 2010;39:321–33.

(65) Lundberg JO, Weitzberg E, Gladwin MT. The nitrate–nitrite–nitric oxide pathway in physiology and therapeutics. Nat Rev Drug Discov. 2008;7(2):156–67.

(66) Pinna M, Roberto S, Milia R, Marongiu E, Olla S, Loi A, et al. Effect of Beetroot Juice Supplementation on Aerobic Response during Swimming. Nutrients. 2014;6(2):605–15.

(67) Domínguez R, Garnacho-Castaño MV, Cuenca E, García-Fernández P, Muñoz-González A, de Jesús F, et al. Effects of Beetroot Juice Supplementation on a 30-s High-Intensity Inertial Cycle Ergometer Test. Nutrients. 2017;9(12).

(68) Domínguez R, Cuenca E, Maté-Muñoz JL, García-Fernández P, Serra-Paya N, Estevan MCL, et al. Effects of beetroot juice supplementation on cardiorespiratory endurance in athletes. A systematic review. Nutrients. 2017;9(1):43.

(69) Mosher SL, Sparks SA, Williams EL, Bentley DJ, Mc Naughton LR. Ingestion of a Nitric Oxide Enhancing Supplement Improves Resistance Exercise Performance. J Strength Cond Res. 2016;30(12):3520–4.

(70) López-Samanes Á, Pérez-López A, Moreno-Pérez V, Nakamura FY, Acebes-Sánchez J, Quintana-Milla I, et al. Effects of Beetroot Juice Ingestion on Physical Performance in Highly Competitive Tennis Players. Nutrients. 2020;12(2):584.

(71) Wylie LJ, Kelly J, Bailey SJ, Blackwell JR, Skiba PF, Winyard PG, et al. Beetroot juice and exercise: Pharmacodynamic and dose-response relationships. J Appl Physiol. 2013;115(3):325–36.

(72) Jo E, Fischer M, Auslander AT, Beigarten A, Daggy B, Hansen K, et al. The effects of multi-day vs. Single pre-exercise nitrate supplement dosing on simulated cycling time trial performance and skeletal muscle oxygenation. J Strength Cond Res. 2019;33(1):217–24.

(73) Wylie LJ, Ortiz De Zevallos J, Isidore T, Nyman L, Vanhatalo A, Bailey SJ, et al. Dose-dependent effects of dietary nitrate on the oxygen cost of moderate-intensity exercise: Acute vs. chronic supplementation. Nitric Oxide - Biol Chem. 2016;57:30–9.

(74) Vanhatalo A, Bailey SJ, Blackwell JR, DiMenna FJ, Pavey TG, Wilkerson DP, et al. Acute and chronic effects of dietary nitrate supplementation on blood pressure and the physiological responses to moderate-intensity and incremental exercise. Am J Physiol Integr Comp Physiol. 2010;299(4):R1121–31.




DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.14306/renhyd.25.S1.1029

Enlaces refback

  • No hay ningún enlace refback.




Copyright (c) 2020 Raúl Dominguez, Antonio Jesús Sánchez Oliver, Sandro Fernandes da Silva, Alvaro López-Samanes, José Miguel Martínez-Sanz, Fernando Mata

URL de la licencia: https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/4.0/

  

Licencia de Creative Commons
Este obra está bajo una licencia de Creative Commons Reconocimiento-CompartirIgual 4.0 Internacional.

Política de privacidad de la revista

Esta revista ha conseguido la validación para ser Data Provider OAI-PMH version 2.0 de Open Archives Initiative (OAI)



ISSN (online): 2174-5145 / ISSN (print): 2173-1292

Abreviatura: Rev Esp Nutr Hum Diet

DOI revista: 10.14306/renhyd

 

 

Facebook: https://www.facebook.com/renhyd

 

Twitter: https://twitter.com/renhyd_org (@renhyd_org)

 

 

Bases de datos bibliográficas en las que está indexada:

Índices de Evaluación relativa de la Revista: 
  • CiteScore (Scopus - 2019): 0.5 (percentil 19, posición 241/299 en "Food Science"; percentil 10, posición 108/120 en "Nutrition and Dietetics") (link)
  • SJR (SCImago Journal Rank, Scopus - 2019): 0.149 (cuartil 4, posición 264/327 en "Food Science y posición 111/128 en "Nutrition and Dietetics) (link)
  • Índice H (Scopus): 9 (link)
  • REDIB (Red Iberoamericana de Innovación y Conocimiento Científico - 2019): percentil de factor de impacto = 68.147 (posición 296/1070) (link)
Evaluación de Calidad Editorial de la Revista:
Difusión en Repositorios y Portales de Revistas OpenAccess: 

 Citaciones recibidas y realizadas, artículos más consultados

 

 

 

 

Cooperación entre revistas iberoamericanas de nutrición humana:

Perspectivas en Nutrición Humana