Diámetro abdominal sagital: aplicaciones en la práctica clínica

Thaís Da Silva-Ferreira, Gabriela De Azevedo-Abreu, Marcelly Cunha-Oliveira-Dos-Santos-Lopes, Vanessa Chaia-Kaippert, Eliane Lopes-Rosado

Resumen


El exceso de tejido adiposo visceral se asocia con factores de riesgo cardiovascular. Recientemente, el diámetro abdominal sagital (DAS) se ha convertido en un indicador de obesidad central y puede ayudar en la predicción del riesgo cardiovascular. El objetivo del estudio es revisar la literatura científica sobre la utilización del DAS para evaluación nutricional de adultos. Se llevó a cabo una búsqueda de artículos científicos en las bases de datos electrónicas SciELO , MEDLINE (PubMed) y Biblioteca Virtual de Salud. El DAS se asocia con la grasa abdominal (especialmente visceral) y diferentes factores de riesgo cardiovascular, como resistencia a la insulina, presión arterial y lipoproteínas plasmáticas, en mayor magnitud que indicadores tradicionales como el índice de masa corporal y la relación cintura/cadera. El DAS se puede utilizar en combinación con otras medidas antropométricas. Todavía no hay puntos de corte establecidos para la clasificación. El DAS puede ser una alternativa para estimar la grasa visceral, pero el pequeño número de estudios y la falta de consenso sobre la referencia anatómica para el registro de medidas dificultan la determinación del punto de corte para su interpretación.

Palabras clave


Grasa abdominal; Diámetro abdominal sagital; Antropometría

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Referencias


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DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.14306/renhyd.16.4.60

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