Ítems de referencia para publicar Protocolos de Revisiones Sistemáticas y Metaanálisis: Declaración PRISMA-P 2015

Mireia Estarli, Eliud Salvador Aguilar Barrera, Rodrigo Martínez-Rodríguez, Eduard Baladia, Samuel Duran Agüero, Saby Camacho, Kristian Buhring, Aitor Herrero-López, Diana Maria Gil-González

Resumen


Las revisiones sistemáticas deben establecerse sobre la base de un protocolo que describa la justificación, la hipótesis y los métodos planificados de la revisión, antes de su realización o publicación; sin embargo pocas revisiones publicadas informan sobre la existencia previa de un protocolo. Disponer de un protocolo detallado y bien escrito puede facilitar la comprensión y valoración de la metodología de la revisión, así como la detección de modificaciones en la metodología o la publicación selectiva en revisiones completadas. El presente trabajo describe el desarrollo de unas directrices de presentación de la información, Preferred Reporting Items for Systematic reviews and Meta-analyses for Protocols 2015 (PRISMA-P 2015). Las directrices PRISMA-P se componen de una lista de verificación de 17 elementos que pretenden facilitar la preparación y presentación de un protocolo sólido para la revisión sistemática. Las instituciones financiadoras y quienes encargan las revisiones podrían considerar la posibilidad de exigir la lista de verificación, a fin de facilitar la presentación de la información relevante del protocolo, para solicitar financiación. De forma similar, los revisores por pares y editores pueden utilizar las directrices para determinar la integridad y transparencia de un protocolo de revisión sistemática presentado a una revista u otro medio para su publicación.

Traducción con permiso de los/las autores/as. Los autores originales no han revisado ni verificado la traducción del manuscrito al español, y no necesariamente están de acuerdo con su contenido.


Palabras clave


Acceso a la información; Lista de verificación; Medicina Basada en la Evidencia; Revisión; Metaanálisis.

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Referencias


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DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.14306/renhyd.20.2.223

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